What is a Resume?

what is a resume?

You might be familiar with the word “resume”, this article makes you cognizant of what exactly it is and will include some key factors-

  • What is a resume?
  • Purpose of making a resume.                       
  • Why it is necessary to make a Resume?
  • Key Structures for a resume.
  • Some resume formatting tips.
  • Formats of a resume.

There is so many resume builder available on the internet that provides you ready-made content to add with one click to make your CV ready. Doing so will save you time and get your CV to prepare within 5-minutes.

What is a Resume?

What is a Resume?

Resume also called CV (curriculum vitae) is a formal document that has an applicant’s career background, experiences and other skills if they possess. This is a document that helps to land a new job for a candidate. A formal or traditional CV generally consists of a three-part professional summary, work history, and educational background.

 Purpose of Making a Resume-:

Purpose of Making a Resume

The main objective that a CV serves is to make initial contact between the employer and the candidate. The interviewer generally sorts the list of CV’s and match their job requirement with the descriptions given in the CV to get the best fit-employee for their job.

Why it is Necessary to Make a Resume?

Why it is Necessary to Make a Resume?

In the job application process, resumes are considered to be one of the most significant steps as good resumes always make a good impression on the recruiter. Also, it is the first thing that prospective employer’s glimpses about you.

If you do not have a CV with you, how would any recruiter invite you for the interview for any particular job. This is why resumes are far important steps to be taken to get employment in any firm.

Remember, it is a document that always has a cover letter along with it. Now, the question is what is the difference between a resume and a cover letter.

Resume vs. Cover letter:-

A resume has sections to provide an overview of your skills and work experience while a cover letter is actually a letter that showcases your skills and achievements in letter form.

The resume is cut to chase and is a reference point for the recruiter during the job interview. Cover letters meet in more detail about special career moments.

There’s some difference between CV and resume, the major is that CVs include an in-depth description of the candidate’s career background and they are generally made for academic purposes.

Key Structures for a Resume:-

Key Structures for a Resume

It is very much important to make a CV that pleases the recruiter on its first sight. So, the first thing to consider is the structure that must be clear and it should contain to the point information.

Some Resume Formatting Tips are:-

 Resume Formatting Tips

Adequate margin from each side of the page, one-inch followed mostly.

  • Set proper line spacing.
  • Use the accurate font for the CV such as 11 or 12 points.
  • Divide your CV into different sections.
  • Contact information should be in the separate CV header.
  • Bulleted points to describe your past work summary.
  • There should be enough white space for a balanced CV layout.

Some Resume Formats:-

Some Resume Formats

Functional Resume-

This is a CV that focuses on skills rather than any work experience. Career changers and those with gaps in employment prefer this kind of CV.

Reverse-Chronological Resume

It is a classical or fundamental type of CV that is known by almost recruiters and it is the best choice in many situations. It puts forward your recent or current experience and promotes your most spectacular achievements going back on time.

Combinational Resume-

It is a combination of both chronological and functional CV formats. With flexibility, it starts with skills and potential and then goes to work experiences.

We all got familiar with what is a CV, now its time to think about what should include in a CV.

A formal CV comprises with :-

Contact information:

Candidates name, phone number, email address and some other optional information such as a LinkedIn profile.

Skills and Achievements:

A brief summary of skills and accomplishments at the top of the CV serve the purpose of your job bio.


Here you have to tell your career history with a job description, firm name, duties and years worked there.

Educational History:

School name, degrees, subjects, GPA, relevant coursework.


Related skills- Job-related skills add value to your CV and accelerate the ratio of an applicant to be hired by 70%.

Now, you are being perceived as what a CV is exactly.

Another section other than the above listed can also be added in a CV as per the targeting job as-

  • Awards and honors
  • Volunteer tasks
  • Certifications
  • Interests and hobbies
  • Another work experience

For the fresher’s it becomes a must to list out educational history first and then any extracurricular activities or volunteer work and internships.

Don’t forget to keep your CV short and cross-checked to avoid grammatical errors if have.

Recap of what is a resume? Why it is important?

Before sending your CV to the recruiter, you must have some following points into your head:-

  • Your CV must have a favorable impression on the employer.
  • Be concise, relevant and provide a summary of all your accomplishments.
  • Follow the ideal formatting rules.
  • Make your CV of high- quality with regard to your reader and proofreading.

Does this article answer your question “what is a resume”? Give your shout in the comments below;


Some have confusion regarding CV writing. In the above discussion, you come to know about what is a resume? Now you can able to write a CV. Still, you find difficulty in writing a CV you can contact us to make a resume online.

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